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History of mad 60’s and hippie culture. It was the great revolution of art, music, sex and drugs.
Make love, not war
of hippie ideology
The name «hippie» itself comes from the word «hip‎» - to get into, to be in the theme
while for the older generation simple well-being and stability were values in their own, for the new generation of their children, by contrast, a good job, home and car were not goals to which one could devote one's life.
The U.S. Army drafted young 18-year-old Americans into a war they neither wanted nor saw the point of. Meanwhile, the war continued, and with no success, protests began in the country, mostly at universities. The government began to suppress the rallies with police, violence, and the military.
On November 22, 1964, the first use of the word "hippie" occurred on a New York channel. At the time, the word was used to describe a group of young people protesting against the Vietnam War.
The hippies of the '60s were the children of soldiers returning from World War II. in 1964 The U.S. went to war in Vietnam
In society, a shirt, jacket, pants, and a long dress were considered decent clothes. Officials and the military were short and strict hairstyle.
Hippies wore brightly colored clothes and lots of jewelry, bracelets, vintage clothing, Indian pants and chinese shirts. They grew long hair and ungroomed beards.
Freedom from norms of appearance
For the military generation, sex was a taboo subject. Family and children were the priority.
Hippies had an easy attitude toward marriage and sex before marriage, feminist and gay rights movements emerged, the term free love appeared
Freedom from family stereotypes
Stability, your own home, education, a nice car, and a prestigious job are very important.
Lack of money can't stop you from self-actualization: you can make money playing music on the street, meet new people, and live in communes or motorhome, hitchhike and travel by bus.
Freedom from norms of lifestyle
The old generation was used to getting results by violence, war, suppression, and prohibition
freedom from violence and war
Resolving discontent through words, peaceful and sit-ins and protests and marches. Dancing, singing, and putting flowers in the gun are the way of hippie protests.
the system, they chose freedom
And it led society to what
we have now
Disagreement and tension between the older generation and their children grew at the speed of light. Many young people joined the hippie movement, and by 1970 there were more than 600,000 in the United States.
Second Religion or Musical
Because of the number of British bands that became popular in the U.S., there was even a special term, the British Invasion.
John Lennon
They were considered almost divine. Their songs were sung by anyone with a guitar, and their concerts were a resounding success. The lyrics demonstrated the moods of the separate social groups and covered the general problems of the society.
It was the Beatles who started the British Invasion. Following the Beatles, other British bands are soaring in popularity.
Rolling Stones
First popular song/album
The Who
firstly was the famous british invasion in USA, and in the second half of the 1960s the era of hard rock began
The rise to success of the Beatles. They were the first juridical band to be recognized and loved in the U.S. and around the world.
«I Wanna Be Your Man»
«I Can See For Miles»
«See Emily Play»
«Box of Rain»
«House of the Rising Sun»
«You Really Got Me»
«Led Zeppelin»
«When the Music’s Over»
Pink Floyd
Grateful Dead
Led Zeppelin
The Kinks
Deep Purple
The Doors
«The Beatles are now more popular than Jesus‎»
The festival was originally designed for 50,000 people and 2 days, but popular guest bands and publicity did their part: people from all over the world came to the festival and over 500,000 people came, the festival lasted 3 days. Too many visitors caused huge traffic jams on the roads.
There were concerts all 3 days, people were having fun, smoking weed and sleeping right next to the stage. There were help tents on the grounds for those who overdosed on drugs.
On the second day there were problems with food and water, but the local townspeople fed the festival-goers. Due to the number of people, musicians had to be transported to the stage by helicopter.
The biggest and most important festival of those years
The organizers faced many challenges in selecting and preparing a venue. When the organizers realized that too many tickets had been sold and they didn't have time to build fences, they decided to make the festival free for everyone.
There are he most important bands that performed at Woodstock
People left their cars and walked several kilometers to attend Woodstock.
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Second Religion or Musical Revolution
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Jefferson Airplane
Carlos Santana
Janis Joplin
The Who
Grateful Dead
Jimi Hendrix
Joe Cocker
Joan Baez
Ravi Shankar
police arrests only advertised the parties: the parties were grandiose, with expensive video and audio equipment, and almost free drugs.
the hippies lived
They could rent a place together, travel together, or be squatters - taking over and occupying abandoned houses and apartments.
A famous writer and head of the «‎Merry Pranksters‎». Inspired by the first LSD experience, he wrote his book «‎One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest».
In some comunas, there was a completely free relationship between the participants.
Students could unite to rent an apartment together, living with several people in a room to save money.
save money
The communes were an idea community of hippies who lived together: they rented a common apartment or house, or squatted. Each comune had something in common.
One of the most scandalous and famous communes was the “Merry Pranksters”.
Also shared values, such as nature, spirituality, one's own vegetable garden, and life away from civilization.
shared values
Participants could be united by different ideas: Buddhism, meditation and yoga, or a rock band.
This commune organized around leader and writer Ken Keesey. The members bought a school bus, painted it, equipped it for housing, and traveled all over the U.S., throwing parties, handing out LSD and giving acid tests along the way.
They attracted a lot of press attention and were arrested more than once, which made them wildly popular. After two years and reaching Mexico, the comune broke up.
“Hippie Trail” from europe
to india
Many hippies took an active interest in Eastern religions and cults. Even the Beatles went to India to practice transcendental meditation. Many hippies became Buddhists or Krishnaists, there were followers and yoga, meditation and tai chi began to be popularized.
The trail’s point was not so much to visit specific places, but to travel as such.
The trail didn't have a strictly defined route and obligatory points like some pilgrimage route.
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“Hippie Trail” from europe to india
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The entire journey from Europe to the Indian subcontinent took two to three months. There were several ways to get there.
on their own
own transport
The hippies made their own way with numerous transfers, combining buses, trains, and hitchhiking.
Many used the legendary hippie basses, the Volkswagen T1 and T2 minibuses, for this purpose.
Organized bus trip
Travellers used advertisements or word of mouth to find drivers with a car or hitchhikers who agreed to share the cost of gasoline.
An option for people with strong buttocks. Tour companies offered tours from Europe to India and Nepal. The first bus The Indiaman, which connected London with the former colony, departed in 1957.
"The drug acts as a chemical key — it opens the mind, frees the nervous system from its usual patterns and structures."
psychedelic revolution
Drugs played a special role for hippies - not just a way to relax, but an «‎expansion of consciousness», a spiritual experience capable of transforming humanity.
Under the influence of psychoactive substances, music, paintings and films were created. Marijuana and LSD were particularly popular among hippies.
The company «‎Sandoz» believes that LSD has great prospects in psychiatry and psychoanalysis. That is why they began to produce and sell the substance under the commercial name «‎Delysid». The drug began to spread.
Since 1962 and until 1966 formerly employed and fired from Harvard, Timothy Leary settled in the Millbrook Mansion. There he hosted all those who wished to discover a new world and conducted LSD sessions. For several years a period filled with endless parties, epiphanies and breakdowns, emotional dramas and numerous arrests.
Speaking at a gathering before 30,000 hippies, Leary coined the famous phrase, "Turn on, tune in, drop out!" which became a central tenet of hippie culture.
In the 1960s, the hippies did the biggest uncontrolled drug experiment humanity had ever known.
After banning of LSD, Leary even declared his candidacy for governor of California. Leary's campaign was held under the slogan «‎Come together, join the party».
After a year Leary is arrested and sentenced to 38 years in prison. A one year later, however, he escapes from prison.
who influenced the hippie
These people influenced the hippie, participated in protests, were hippies when they were young, or were inspired by their philosophy in their work.
Some created in the midst of counterculture, while others grew up to become great scientists, musicians, or writers.
These people, and hundreds, thousands of others, influenced that world. The culture and philosophy of the hippies are imbued with the fortunes, music, paintings, and books of the time. It's impossible to remember the 1970s without mentioning hippies.
Ken Kesey
Joan Baez
John Lennon
Timothy Leary
Abbie Hoffman
Albert Hoffman
Janis Joplin
Yoko Ono
Allen Ginsberg
The political situation and hippie culture influenced many young people of that time. So they began to change the world around them.
Carlos Castaneda
Neal Cassady
Steve Jobs
Jerry Rubin
Jimi Hendrix
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People who influenced the hippie movement
Did the hippies
of those years affect
the present?
The political protests had long-lasting consequences. The protests, the government's attitude toward them illuminated the hypocrisy of politicians, and the world slowly began to change.
The most popular musicians of the 1960s were close to hippie culture. John Lennon and Janis Joplin painted their cars with psychedelic pictures, The Beatles dedicated songs to LSD, Jimmy Hendrix went on stage in hippie outfits. The effect of the 1969 Woodstock Festival - the pinnacle of the hippie subculture, which at the same time began the sunset of the movement - was like an earthquake.
Now the music of those years is considered a classic, and among polls of people. If you take Rolling Stone magazine's list of the top 500 songs, 2/3 are songs from the '60s.
Yves Saint Laurent and Karl Lagerfeld, who worked at Chloé in the early 1970s, fell in love with the hippie aesthetic. Fashion designers tried to transfer some solutions from the hippie closet to the catwalks.
The movement wore off in the late '70s. The young people grew up, but left behind a huge influence on the political situation, music, style in dress, art and culture.
Much of the hippie closet immediately became mainstream. The flared pants and mini-skirts, shortened tops and ponchos, bright colors and plant prints, long hair for men, mustaches and beards - all that in the 1960s was the attribute of the hippie style, 10 years later became an integral part of the disco style.
Influence on the political world
When the hippies who grew up became politicians themselves, they slowly began to change the rules and laws. And so now the world has become more loyal and tolerant: they legalize LGBT marriages, easy drugs, and are more tolerant of protests.
Influence on music
The hippie subculture had a huge influence on the fashion of the 1960s and 1970s. The peculiar symbolism of hippies - ripped jeans, loose clothing, with elements of folklore and low-tech (handmade), hairstyles, jewelry - all became an integral part of big fashion.
The impact on fashion
now the world has become more loyal and tolerant: they legalize LGBT marriages, easy drugs, and are more tolerant of protests. The respect for social and political freedoms in the U.S. and in the West - something that now we take for granted - has been achieved thanks to the Hippie culture.
In conclusion
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The influence of the hippies on politics is questioned by many. But, in any case, it was a huge movement and many protests that, at the very least, openly showed society's discontent with the war.
Did the hippies of those years affect the present?
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